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  • ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Rutherfordium
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  • ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Rutherfordium
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  • ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ืจื•ืชืจืคื•ืจื“ื™ื•ื
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  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Rutherfordio
  • ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Rutherfordium

Rutherfordium: the essentials

Rutherfordium atoms have 104 electrons and the shell structure is 2.8.18.32.32.10.2. The ground state electronic configuration of neutral rutherfordium is [Rn].5f14.6d2.7s2 (a guess based upon that of hafnium) and the term symbol of rutherfordium is 3F2 (tentative).

Rutherfordium: description  

Rutherfordium is a synthetic element that is not present in the environment at all. It has no uses.

Rutherfordium: physical properties

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Rutherfordium: heat properties

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Rutherfordium: atom sizes

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Rutherfordium: electronegativities

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Rutherfordium: orbital properties

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Rutherfordium: abundances

More geological data...

Rutherfordium: crystal structure

Rf crystal structure
The solid state structure of rutherfordium is: bcc (body-centred cubic).

More crystallographic data...

Rutherfordium: biological data

Rutherfordium has no biological role.

More biological data...

Rutherfordium: uses

Uses...

Rutherfordium: reactions

Reactions of rutherfordium as the element with air, water, halogens, acids, and bases where known.

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Rutherfordium: binary compounds

Binary compounds with halogens (known as halides), oxygen (known as oxides), hydrogen (known as hydrides), and other compounds of rutherfordium where known.

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Rutherfordium: compound properties

Bond strengths; lattice energies of rutherfordium halides, hydrides, oxides (where known); and reduction potentials where known.

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Rutherfordium: history

Rutherfordium was discovered by Workers at the Nuclear Institute at Dubna, and the University of California, Berkeley, USA. in 1964 at USSR, United States. Origin of name: the origin of the Amercian Chemical Society preferred name is Lord "Rutherford", the physicist and chemist from New Zealand..

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Rutherfordium: isotopes

Isotope abundances of rutherfordium
Isotope abundances of rutherfordium with the most intense signal set to 100%.

More isotope and NMR data...

Rutherfordium: isolation

Isolation: only very small amounts of of element 104, rutherfordium, have ever been made. The first samples were made through nuclear reactions involving fusion of an isotope of plutonium, 242Pu, with one of neon, 22Ne.

22Ne + 242Pu → 260104Rf + 4 1n

Isolation of an observable quantity of rutherfordium has never been achieved.