โ–ธโ–ธ
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Californium
  • ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ ้‰ฒ
  • ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Californium
  • ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Californium
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Californium
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ืงืœื™ืคื•ืจื ื™ื•ื
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Californio
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต ใ‚ซใƒชใƒ›ใƒซใƒ‹ใ‚ฆใƒ 
  • ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Californium
  • ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ ะšะฐะปะธั„ะพั€ะฝะธะน
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Californio
  • ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Californium

Californium: the essentials

Californium atoms have 98 electrons and the shell structure is 2.8.18.32.28.8.2. The ground state electronic configuration of neutral californium is [Rn].5f10.7s2 and the term symbol of californium is 5I8.

Californium: description  

Californium is a radioactive rare earth metal named after the state of California and the University of California (USA). Californium-252 is a strong neutron emitter and one microgram emits 170 million neutrons per minute, making it a biological hazard. It has a few specialised uses but only a few of its compounds are known.

Californium: physical properties

More physical properties...

Californium: heat properties

More thermochemical properties...

Californium: atom sizes

More atomc size properties...

Californium: electronegativities

More electronegativity properties...

Californium: orbital properties

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Californium: abundances

More geological data...

Californium: crystal structure

Cf crystal structure
The solid state structure of californium is: bcc (body-centred cubic).

More crystallographic data...

Californium: biological data

Californium has no biological role.

More biological data...

Californium: uses

Uses...

Californium: reactions

Reactions of californium as the element with air, water, halogens, acids, and bases where known.

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Californium: binary compounds

Binary compounds with halogens (known as halides), oxygen (known as oxides), hydrogen (known as hydrides), and other compounds of californium where known.

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Californium: compound properties

Bond strengths; lattice energies of californium halides, hydrides, oxides (where known); and reduction potentials where known.

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Californium: history

Californium was discovered by Glenn T. Seaborg, Stanley G. Thompson, Albert Ghiorso, Kenneth Street in 1950 at USA. Origin of name: named after the State and University of "California", USA.

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Californium: isotopes

Isotope abundances of californium
Isotope abundances of californium with the most intense signal set to 100%.

More isotope and NMR data...

Californium: isolation

Isolation: coming soon!