Properties of lead atoms

Ionisation Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity of lead is 35.1  kJ mol-1. The ionisation energies of lead are given below.

Ionisation energy number Enthalpy /kJ mol-1
1st 715.6
2nd 1450.5
3rd 3081.5
4th 4083
5th 6640

Ionisation energies of Pb

Electronic configuration

The following represents the electronic configuration and its associated term symbol for the ground state neutral gaseous atom. The configuration associated with lead in its compounds is not necessarily the same.

Colours the glass in stained glass windows and holds them together for centuries.

Pointer to The Orbitron gallery of orbitals.

Kossel shell structure of Pb
A schematic representation of the shell structure of lead - not what the atom of lead "looks like".

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lead atomic number