Properties of nitrogen atoms

Ionisation Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity of nitrogen is 7  kJ mol-1. The ionisation energies of nitrogen are given below.

Ionisation energy number Enthalpy /kJ mol-1
1st 1402.3
2nd 2856
3rd 4578.1
4th 7475.0
5th 9444.9
6th 53266.6
7th 64360

Ionisation energies of N

Electronic configuration

The following represents the electronic configuration and its associated term symbol for the ground state neutral gaseous atom. The configuration associated with nitrogen in its compounds is not necessarily the same.

Pointer to The Orbitron gallery of orbitals.

Kossel shell structure of N
A schematic representation of the shell structure of nitrogen - not what the atom of nitrogen "looks like".

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nitrogen atomic number