Properties of niobium atoms

Ionisation Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity of niobium is 86.1  kJ mol-1. The ionisation energies of niobium are given below.

Ionisation energy number Enthalpy /kJ mol-1
1st 652.1
2nd 1380
3rd 2416
4th 3700
5th 4877
6th 9847
7th 12100

Ionisation energies of Nb

Electronic configuration

The following represents the electronic configuration and its associated term symbol for the ground state neutral gaseous atom. The configuration associated with niobium in its compounds is not necessarily the same.

Pointer to The Orbitron gallery of orbitals.

Kossel shell structure of Nb
A schematic representation of the shell structure of niobium - not what the atom of niobium "looks like".

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niobium atomic number