Properties of holmium atoms

Ionisation Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity of holmium is 50  kJ mol-1. The ionisation energies of holmium are given below.

Ionisation energy number Enthalpy /kJ mol-1
1st 581.0
2nd 1140
3rd 2204
4th 4100

Ionisation energies of Ho

Electronic configuration

The following represents the electronic configuration and its associated term symbol for the ground state neutral gaseous atom. The configuration associated with holmium in its compounds is not necessarily the same.

Pointer to The Orbitron gallery of orbitals.

Kossel shell structure of Ho
A schematic representation of the shell structure of holmium - not what the atom of holmium "looks like".

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holmium atomic number