Properties of germanium atoms

Ionisation Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity of germanium is 119  kJ mol-1. The ionisation energies of germanium are given below.

Ionisation energy number Enthalpy /kJ mol-1
1st 762
2nd 1537.5
3rd 3302.1
4th 4411
5th 9020

Ionisation energies of Ge

Electronic configuration

The following represents the electronic configuration and its associated term symbol for the ground state neutral gaseous atom. The configuration associated with germanium in its compounds is not necessarily the same.

Pointer to The Orbitron gallery of orbitals.

Kossel shell structure of Ge
A schematic representation of the shell structure of germanium - not what the atom of germanium "looks like".

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germanium atomic number