Properties of titanium atoms

Ionisation Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity of titanium is 7.6  kJ mol-1. The ionisation energies of titanium are given below.

Ionisation energy number Enthalpy /kJ mol-1
1st 658.8
2nd 1309.8
3rd 2652.5
4th 4174.6
5th 9581
6th 11533
7th 13590
8th 16440
9th 18530
10th 20833
11th 25575
12th 28125
13th 76015
14th 83280
15th 90880
16th 100700
17th 109100
18th 117800
19th 129900
20th 137530
21st 602930

Ionisation energies of Ti

Electronic configuration

The following represents the electronic configuration and its associated term symbol for the ground state neutral gaseous atom. The configuration associated with titanium in its compounds is not necessarily the same.

Pointer to The Orbitron gallery of orbitals.

Kossel shell structure of Ti
A schematic representation of the shell structure of titanium - not what the atom of titanium "looks like".

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titanium atomic number