Properties of carbon atoms

Ionisation Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity of carbon is 153.9  kJ mol-1. The ionisation energies of carbon are given below.

Ionisation energy number Enthalpy /kJ mol-1
1st 1086.5
2nd 2352.6
3rd 4620.5
4th 6222.7
5th 37831
6th 47277.0

Ionisation energies of C

Electronic configuration

The following represents the electronic configuration and its associated term symbol for the ground state neutral gaseous atom. The configuration associated with carbon in its compounds is not necessarily the same.

Pointer to The Orbitron gallery of orbitals.

Kossel shell structure of C
A schematic representation of the shell structure of carbon - not what the atom of carbon "looks like".

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carbon atomic number