Properties of bismuth atoms

Ionisation Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity of bismuth is 91.2  kJ mol-1. The ionisation energies of bismuth are given below.

Ionisation energy number Enthalpy /kJ mol-1
1st 703
2nd 1610
3rd 2466
4th 4370
5th 5400
6th 8520

Ionisation energies of Bi

Electronic configuration

The following represents the electronic configuration and its associated term symbol for the ground state neutral gaseous atom. The configuration associated with bismuth in its compounds is not necessarily the same.

Pointer to The Orbitron gallery of orbitals.

Kossel shell structure of Bi
A schematic representation of the shell structure of bismuth - not what the atom of bismuth "looks like".

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bismuth atomic number