Properties of gadolinium atoms

Ionisation Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity of gadolinium is 50  kJ mol-1. The ionisation energies of gadolinium are given below.

Ionisation energy number Enthalpy /kJ mol-1
1st 593.4
2nd 1170
3rd 1990
4th 4250

Ionisation energies of Gd

Electronic configuration

The following represents the electronic configuration and its associated term symbol for the ground state neutral gaseous atom. The configuration associated with gadolinium in its compounds is not necessarily the same.

Pointer to The Orbitron gallery of orbitals.

Kossel shell structure of Gd
A schematic representation of the shell structure of gadolinium - not what the atom of gadolinium "looks like".

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gadolinium atomic number