Properties of hafnium atoms

Ionisation Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity of hafnium is >= 10  kJ mol-1. The ionisation energies of hafnium are given below.

Ionisation energy number Enthalpy /kJ mol-1
1st 658.5
2nd 1440
3rd 2250
4th 3216

Ionisation energies of Hf

Electronic configuration

The following represents the electronic configuration and its associated term symbol for the ground state neutral gaseous atom. The configuration associated with hafnium in its compounds is not necessarily the same.

Pointer to The Orbitron gallery of orbitals.

Kossel shell structure of Hf
A schematic representation of the shell structure of hafnium - not what the atom of hafnium "looks like".

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hafnium atomic number