Properties of zinc atoms

Ionisation Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity of zinc is 0  kJ mol-1. The ionisation energies of zinc are given below.

Ionisation energy number Enthalpy /kJ mol-1
1st 906.4
2nd 1733.3
3rd 3833
4th 5731
5th 7970
6th 10400
7th 12900
8th 16800
9th 19600
10th 23000
11th 26400
12th 29990
13th 40490
14th 43800
15th 47300
16th 52300
17th 55900
18th 59700
19th 67300
20th 71200
21st 179100

Ionisation energies of Zn

Electronic configuration

The following represents the electronic configuration and its associated term symbol for the ground state neutral gaseous atom. The configuration associated with zinc in its compounds is not necessarily the same.

Pointer to The Orbitron gallery of orbitals.

Kossel shell structure of Zn
A schematic representation of the shell structure of zinc - not what the atom of zinc "looks like".

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zinc atomic number