Properties of vanadium atoms

Ionisation Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity of vanadium is 50.6  kJ mol-1. The ionisation energies of vanadium are given below.

Ionisation energy number Enthalpy /kJ mol-1
1st 650.9
2nd 1414
3rd 2830
4th 4507
5th 6298.7
6th 12363
7th 14530
8th 16730
9th 19860
10th 22240
11th 24670
12th 29730
13th 32446
14th 86450
15th 94170
16th 102300
17th 112700
18th 121600
19th 130700
20th 143400
21st 151440

Ionisation energies of V

Electronic configuration

The following represents the electronic configuration and its associated term symbol for the ground state neutral gaseous atom. The configuration associated with vanadium in its compounds is not necessarily the same.

Pointer to The Orbitron gallery of orbitals.

Kossel shell structure of V
A schematic representation of the shell structure of vanadium - not what the atom of vanadium "looks like".

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vanadium atomic number