Properties of zirconium atoms

Ionisation Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity of zirconium is 41.1  kJ mol-1. The ionisation energies of zirconium are given below.

Ionisation energy number Enthalpy /kJ mol-1
1st 640.1
2nd 1270
3rd 2218
4th 3313
5th 7752
6th 9500

Ionisation energies of Zr

Electronic configuration

The following represents the electronic configuration and its associated term symbol for the ground state neutral gaseous atom. The configuration associated with zirconium in its compounds is not necessarily the same.

Pointer to The Orbitron gallery of orbitals.

Kossel shell structure of Zr
A schematic representation of the shell structure of zirconium - not what the atom of zirconium "looks like".

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zirconium atomic number