Properties of lithium atoms

Ionisation Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity of lithium is 59.6  kJ mol-1. The ionisation energies of lithium are given below.

Ionisation energy number Enthalpy /kJ mol-1
1st 520.2
2nd 7298.1
3rd 11815.0

Ionisation energies of Li

Electronic configuration

The following represents the electronic configuration and its associated term symbol for the ground state neutral gaseous atom. The configuration associated with lithium in its compounds is not necessarily the same.

Pointer to The Orbitron gallery of orbitals.

Kossel shell structure of Li
A schematic representation of the shell structure of lithium - not what the atom of lithium "looks like".

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lithium atomic number