Lead: geological information

Elemental lead is found in nature sparingly. Lead is present in ores such as galena (lead sulphide, PbS), anglesite (lead sulphate, PbSO4), minim (a form of lead oxide with formula Pb3O4), cerussite (lead carbonate, PbCO3) and other minerals. Galena is the most important source.

Abundances of lead in various environments

In this table of abundances, values are given in units of ppb (parts per billion; 1 billion = 109), both in terms of weight and in terms of numbers of atoms. Values for abundances are difficult to determine with certainty, so all values should be treated with some caution, especially so for the less common elements. Local concentrations of any element can vary from those given here an orders of magnitude or so and values in various literature sources for less common elements do seem to vary considerably.

Abundances for lead in a number of different environments. Use the links in the location column for definitions, literature sources, and visual representations in many different styles (one of which is shown below)
Location ppb by weight ppb by atoms
Universe 10 0.06
Sun 10 0.07
Meteorite (carbonaceous) 1400 100
Crustal rocks 10000 1000
Sea water 0.03 0.00090
Stream 3 0.01
Human 1700 50


Log abundance (by atom numbers) in our sun

The chart above shows the log of the abundance (on a parts per billion scale) of the elements by atom number in our sun. Notice the "sawtooth" effect where elements with even atomic numbers tend to be more strongly represented than those with odd atomic numbers. This shows up best using the "Bar chart" option on the chart.

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lead atomic number