โ–ธโ–ธ
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Germanium
  • ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ ้บ
  • ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Germanium
  • ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Germanium
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germanium
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ื’ืจืžื ื™ื•ื
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Germanio
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต ใ‚ฒใƒซใƒžใƒ‹ใ‚ฆใƒ 
  • ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Germânio
  • ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ ะ“ะตั€ะผะฐะฝะธะน
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Germanio
  • ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Germanium

Germanium: uses

The following uses for germanium are gathered from a number of sources as well as from anecdotal comments. I would be delighted to receive corrections as well as additional referenced uses.

  • doped with arsenic, gallium, or other elements for use as a transistor element. Its application as a semiconductor provides the largest use for germanium
  • alloying agent
  • phosphor in fluorescent lamps
  • a catalyst
  • germanium and germanium oxide are transparent to the infrared and are used in infrared spectroscopes and other optical equipment, including extremely sensitive infrared detectors. Also for wide-angle camera lenses and microscope objectives.
  • possible chemotherapy applications?
  • use as a gamma-radiation detector