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  • ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Germanium
  • ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ ้บ
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  • ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Germanium
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  • ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ื’ืจืžื ื™ื•ื
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Germanio
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  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Germanio
  • ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Germanium

Germanium: geological information

Germanium is not found as the free element in nature. Germanium is found in germanite, argyrodite, and some zinc ores. It is also present in coal and its presence in coal insures reserves for many years.

Abundances of germanium in various environments

In this table of abundances, values are given in units of ppb (parts per billion; 1 billion = 109), both in terms of weight and in terms of numbers of atoms. Values for abundances are difficult to determine with certainty, so all values should be treated with some caution, especially so for the less common elements. Local concentrations of any element can vary from those given here an orders of magnitude or so and values in various literature sources for less common elements do seem to vary considerably.

Abundances for germanium in a number of different environments. Use the links in the location column for definitions, literature sources, and visual representations in many different styles (one of which is shown below)
Location ppb by weight ppb by atoms
Universe 200 3
Sun 200 3
Meteorite (carbonaceous) 21000 4900
Crustal rocks 1400 390
Sea water 0.06 0.0051
Stream (no data) (no data)
Human (no data) (no data)
Image showing periodicity of the logarithm of the abundance in the earth's crust of the chemical elements as a heat map on a periodic table grid.
Image showing periodicity of the logarithm of the abundance in the earth's crust of the chemical elements as a heat map on a periodic table grid.
Image showing periodicity of the logarithm of the abundance (by atom rather than weight) in the sun of the chemical elements as a heat map on a periodic table grid.
Image showing periodicity of the logarithm of the abundance (by atom rather than weight) in the sun of the chemical elements as a heat map on a periodic table grid.

The chart above shows the log of the abundance (on a parts per billion scale) of the elements by atom number in our sun. Notice the "sawtooth" effect where elements with even atomic numbers tend to be more strongly represented than those with odd atomic numbers. This shows up best using the "Bar chart" option on the chart.

cartogram depicting abundance of elements in the earth's crust
A cartogram depicting the abundance of elements in the earth's crust. Squares for each element are distorted in proportion to the numerical value of the abundance.