Chemical reactions of the elements

Reaction of silver with air

Silver metal is stable in clean air under normal conditions.

Reaction of silver with water

Silver does not react with clean water.

Reaction of silver with the halogens

The thermally stable silver difluoride, silver(II) difluoride, AgF2, is formed in the reaction of silver metal and fluorine, F2.

Ag(s) + F2(g) → AgF2(s) [brown]

Reaction of silver with acids

Silver metal dissolves in hot concentrated sulphuric acid.

Silver metal also dissolves in dilute or concentrated nitric acid, HNO3.

Reaction of silver with bases

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silver atomic number