Chemical reactions of the elements

Reaction of boron with air

The behaviour of boron to air depends upon the crystallinity of the sample, temperature, particle size, and purity. By and large, boron does not react with air at room temperature. At higher temperatures, boron does burn to form boron (III) oxide, B2O3.

4B + 3O2(g) → 2B2O3(s)

Reaction of boron with water

Boron does not react with water under normal conditions.

Reaction of boron with the halogens

Boron reacts vigorously with the halogens fluorine, F2, chlorine, Cl2, bromine, Br2 to to form the trihalides boron(III) fluoride, BF3, boron(III) chloride, BCl3, and boron(III) bromide, BBr3 respectively.

2B(s) + 3F2(g) → 2BF3(g)

2B(s) + 3Cl2(g) → 2BCl3(g)

2B(s) + 3Br2(g) → 2BF3(l)

Reaction of boron with acids

Crystalline boron does not react with boiling hydrochloric acid, HCl, or boiling hydrofluoric acid, HF. Powdered boron oxidizes slowly when treated with concentrated nitric acid, HNO3.

Reaction of boron with bases

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boron atomic number