Isotopes of nickel

Nickel isotopes are used for the production of several radioisotopes. Ni-64 is used for the production of Cu-64 which is used in radimmunotherapy. Ni-61 can be used for the production of the PET radioisotope Cu-61. Ni-62 is used for the production of the radioisotope Ni-63 which can be used as an XRF source, as an electron capture source in gas chromatographs and as a power source in microelectromechanical systems. Ni-58 can be used for the production of the radioisotope Co-58. Ni-60 is used for the production of Co-57 which is used in bone densitometry and as a gamma camera reference source. Ni-60 is also used as an alternative for the production of Cu-6 but the route via Ni-61 is more common. Finally, most stable Nickel isotopes have been used to study human absorption of Nickel. Nickel isotopes can be obtained from Trace Sciences International.

Natally occurring isotopes

This table shows information about naturally occuring isotopes, their atomic masses, their natural abundances, their nuclear spins, and their magnetic moments. Further data for radioisotopes (radioactive isotopes) of nickel are sted (including any which occur naturally) below.
Isotope Atomic mass (ma/u) Natural abundance (atom %) Nuclear spin (I) Magnetic moment (μ/μN)
up>58Ni 57.9353462 (16) 68.0769 (89) 0
60Ni 59.9307884 (16) 26.2231 (77) 0
61Ni 60.93579 (16) 1.1399 (6) 3/2 -0.75002
62Ni 61.9283461 (16) 3.6345 (17) 0
64Ni 63.92779 (17) 0.9256 (9) 0

Isotopic abundances of Ni
In the above picture, the most intense ion is set to 100% since this corresponds st to the output from a mass spectrometer. This is not to be confused with the relative percentage isotope abundances which total 100% for all the naturally occurring isotopes.

Radiosotope data

radiosotopes of nickel, their masses, tir half-lives, their modes of decay, their nuclear spins, and their nuclear magnetic moments.56Co
Isotope Mass Half-life Mode of decay Nuclear spin Nuclear magnetic moment
56Ni 55.94214 6.08 d 0
57Ni 56.939800 35.6 h EC to 57Co 3/2 0.88
59Ni 76000 y EC to 59Co 3/2
63Ni 62.929673 100 y β- to 63Cu 1/2
65Ni 64.930088 2.517 h β- to 65Cu 5/2 0.69
66Ni 65.92912 54.6 h β- to 66Cu 0

Sheffield ChemPuter isotope pattern calculator

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References

  1. Naturally occurring isotope abundancesCommission on Atomic Weights and Isotopic Abundances report for the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry in Isotopic Compositions of the Elements 1989, Pure and Applied Chemistry, 1998, 70, 217. [Copyright 1998 IUPAC]
  2. Table of the Nuclides
  3. Masses, nuclear spins, and magnetic moments: I. Mills, T. Cvitas, K. Homann, N. Kallay, a K. Kuchitsu in Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, UK, 1988. [Copyright 1988 IUPAC]

NMR Properties of nickel

Comn reference compound: Ni(CO)4 + 10% C6D6.

d> d>
Table of NMR-active nucleus propeties of nickel
  Isotope 1 Isotope 3
Isotope 61Ni
Natural abundance /% 1.140
Spin (I) 3/2
Frequency relative to 1H = 100 (MHz) 8.936050
Receptivity, DP, relative to 1H = 1.00 0.0000409
Receptivity, DC, rative to 13C = 1.00 0.234
Magnetogyric ratio, γ (107 rad T-1 s-1) -2.3948 Magnetic moment, μ (μN) -0.96827
Nuclear quadrupole moment, Q/millibarn +162(15)
Line width factor, 1056l (m4) 0.035

References

  1. R.K. Harris in Encyclopedia of Nucar Magnetic Resonance, D.M. Granty and R.K. Harris, (eds.), vol. 5, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK, 1996. I am grateful to Professor Robin Harris (University of Durham, UK) who provideduch of the NMR data, which are copyright 1996 IUPAC, adapted from his contribution contained within this reference.
  2. J. Mason in Multinuclear NMR, Plenum Press, New York, USA, 1987. Where given, data for certain radioactive nuclei are from this rerence.
  3. P. Pyykkö, Mol. Phys., 2008, 106, 1965-1974.
  4. P. Pyykkö, Mol. Phys., 2001, 99, 1617-1629.
  5. P. Pyykkö, Z. Naturforsch., 1992, 47a, 189. I amrateful to Professor Pekka Pyykkö (University of Helsinki, Finland) who provided the nuclear quadrupole moment data in this and the following two references.
  6. D.R. Lide, (ed.), CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 1999-2000 : A Ready-Reference Book of Chemical and Physical Data (CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 79th edition, 1998.
  7. li>P. Pyykkö, personal communication, 1998, 204, 2008, 2010.
  8. The isotopic abundances are extracted from the naturally occurring isotopes section within WebElements.

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nickel atomic number