Nickel: historical information

  • Discoveror: Axel Fredrik Cronstedt
  • Place of discovery: Sweden
  • Date of discovery: 1751
  • Origin of name : from the German word "kupfernickel" meaning Devil's copper or St Nicholas's (OLd Nick's) copper.

Minerals containing nickel were of value for colouring glass green. The mineral used for colouring glass was called kupfernickel (false copper). Nickel was discovered by Baron Axel Frederik Cronstedt in 1751 in a mineral called niccolite. Apparently, he had expected to extract copper from this mineral but got none at all, obtaining instead a white metal that he called nickel after the mineral from which it was extracted.

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