Isotopes of chlorine

Both Chlorine isotopes, Cl-35 and Cl-37, are used to study the toxicity of environmental pollutant and are usually supplied in the form of NaCl. Chlorine isotopes can be obtained from Trace Sciences International.

Naturally occurring isotopes

This table shows information about naturally occuring isotopes, their atomic masses, their natural abundances, their nuclear spins, and their magnetic moments. Further data for radioisotopes (radioactive isotopes) of chlorine are listed (including any which occur naturally) below.
Isotope Atomic mass (ma/u) Natural abundance (atom %) Nuclear spin (I) Magnetic moment (μ/μN)
35Cl 34.968852721 (69) 75.78 (4) 3/2 0.8218736
37Cl 36.96590262 (11) 24.22 (4) 3/2 0.6841230

Isotopic abundances of Cl
In the above picture, the most intense ion is set to 100% since this corresponds best to the output from a mass spectrometer. This is not to be confused with the relative percentage isotope abundances which total 100% for all the naturally occurring isotopes.

Radiosotope data

Further data for naturally occuring isotopes of chlorine are listed above. This table gives information about some radiosotopes of chlorine, their masses, their half-lives, their modes of decay, their nuclear spins, and their nuclear magnetic moments.
Isotope Mass Half-life Mode of decay Nuclear spin Nuclear magnetic moment
36Cl 35.9683069 301000 y β- to 36Ar 0 1.28547
38Cl 37.9680106 37.2 m β- to 38Ar 2 2.05
39Cl 38.968009 55.6 m β- to 39Ar 3/2
40Cl 39.97042 1.38 m β- to 40Ar 2
41Cl 40.9707 34 s β- to 41Ar
42Cl 41.9732 6.8 s β- to 42Ar
43Cl 42.9742 3.3 s β- to 43Ar

Sheffield ChemPuter isotope pattern calculator

You can use WebElements to calculate an isotope pattern for an arbitrary chemical formula:

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References

  1. Naturally occurring isotope abundances: Commission on Atomic Weights and Isotopic Abundances report for the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry in Isotopic Compositions of the Elements 1989, Pure and Applied Chemistry, 1998, 70, 217. [Copyright 1998 IUPAC]
  2. For further information about radioisotopes see Jonghwa Chang's (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) Table of the Nuclides
  3. Masses, nuclear spins, and magnetic moments: I. Mills, T. Cvitas, K. Homann, N. Kallay, and K. Kuchitsu in Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, UK, 1988. [Copyright 1988 IUPAC]

NMR Properties of chlorine

Common reference compound: KCl/D2O, 0.1 M.

Table of NMR-active nucleus propeties of chlorine
  Isotope 1 Isotope 2 Isotope 3
Isotope 35Cl 37Cl
Natural abundance /% 75.77 24.23
Spin (I) 3/2 3/2
Frequency relative to 1H = 100 (MHz) 9.797909 8.155725
Receptivity, DP, relative to 1H = 1.00 0.00358 0.000659
Receptivity, DC, relative to 13C = 1.00 21.0 3.87
Magnetogyric ratio, γ (107 rad T-1 s-1) 2.624198 2.184368
Magnetic moment, μ (μN) 1.061035 0.8831998
Nuclear quadrupole moment, Q/millibarn -81.65(80) -64.35(64)
Line width factor, 1056l (m4) 89 55

References

  1. R.K. Harris in Encyclopedia of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, D.M. Granty and R.K. Harris, (eds.), vol. 5, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK, 1996. I am grateful to Professor Robin Harris (University of Durham, UK) who provided much of the NMR data, which are copyright 1996 IUPAC, adapted from his contribution contained within this reference.
  2. J. Mason in Multinuclear NMR, Plenum Press, New York, USA, 1987. Where given, data for certain radioactive nuclei are from this reference.
  3. P. Pyykkö, Mol. Phys., 2008, 106, 1965-1974.
  4. P. Pyykkö, Mol. Phys., 2001, 99, 1617-1629.
  5. P. Pyykkö, Z. Naturforsch., 1992, 47a, 189. I am grateful to Professor Pekka Pyykkö (University of Helsinki, Finland) who provided the nuclear quadrupole moment data in this and the following two references.
  6. D.R. Lide, (ed.), CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 1999-2000 : A Ready-Reference Book of Chemical and Physical Data (CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 79th edition, 1998.
  7. P. Pyykkö, personal communication, 1998, 204, 2008, 2010.
  8. The isotopic abundances are extracted from the naturally occurring isotopes section within WebElements.

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chlorine atomic number