# Manganese: isotope data

## Naturally occurring isotopes

This table shows information about naturally occuring isotopes, their atomic masses, their natural abundances, their nuclear spins, and their magnetic moments. Further data for radioisotopes (radioactive isotopes) of manganese are listed (including any which occur naturally) below.
Isotope Mass / Da Natural abundance (atom %) Nuclear spin (I) Magnetic moment (μ/μN)
55Mn 54.9380471 (16) 100 5/2 3.4532

In the above, the most intense ion is set to 100% since this corresponds best to the output from a mass spectrometer. This is not to be confused with the relative percentage isotope abundances which totals 100% for all the naturally occurring isotopes.

Further data for naturally occuring isotopes of manganese are listed above. This table gives information about some radiosotopes of manganese, their masses, their half-lives, their modes of decay, their nuclear spins, and their nuclear magnetic moments.
Isotope Mass / Da Half-life Mode of decay Nuclear spin Nuclear magnetic moment
51Mn 50.948215 46.2 m EC to 51Cr
52Mn 51.945570 5.591 d EC to 52Cr 6 3.063
53Mn 52.941294 3.7 x 106 y EC to 53Cr 7/2 5.024
54Mn 53.940363 312.2 d EC to 54Cr; β- to 54Fe 3 3.282
56Mn 55.938909 2.579 h β- to 56Fe 3 3.2266
57Mn 56.938287 1.45 m β- to 57Fe 5/2

## Sheffield ChemPuter isotope pattern calculator

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### References

1. Naturally occurring isotope abundances: Commission on Atomic Weights and Isotopic Abundances report for the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry in Isotopic Compositions of the Elements 1989, Pure and Applied Chemistry, 1998, 70, 217. [Copyright 1998 IUPAC]
2. For further information about radioisotopes see Jonghwa Chang's (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) Table of the Nuclides
3. Masses, nuclear spins, and magnetic moments: I. Mills, T. Cvitas, K. Homann, N. Kallay, and K. Kuchitsu in Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, UK, 1988. [Copyright 1988 IUPAC]

## NMR Properties of manganese

Common reference compound: KMnO4/D2O.

Isotope 1 Isotope 2 Isotope 55Mn Natural abundance /% 100 Spin (I) 5/2 Frequency relative to 1H = 100 (MHz) 24.789060 Receptivity, DP, relative to 1H = 1.00 0.179 Receptivity, DC, relative to 13C = 1.00 1020 Magnetogyric ratio, γ (107 rad T‑1 s-1) 6.6452546 Magnetic moment, μ (μN) 4.1042437 Nuclear quadrupole moment, Q/millibarn 330(10) Line width factor, 1056 l (m4) 0.035

### References

1. R.K. Harris in Encyclopedia of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, D.M. Granty and R.K. Harris, (eds.), vol. 5, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK, 1996. I am grateful to Professor Robin Harris (University of Durham, UK) who provided much of the NMR data, which are copyright 1996 IUPAC, adapted from his contribution contained within this reference.
2. J. Mason in Multinuclear NMR, Plenum Press, New York, USA, 1987. Where given, data for certain radioactive nuclei are from this reference.
3. P. Pyykkö, Mol. Phys., 2008, 106, 1965-1974.
4. P. Pyykkö, Mol. Phys., 2001, 99, 1617-1629.
5. P. Pyykkö, Z. Naturforsch., 1992, 47a, 189. I am grateful to Professor Pekka Pyykkö (University of Helsinki, Finland) who provided the nuclear quadrupole moment data in this and the following two references.
6. D.R. Lide, (ed.), CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 1999-2000 : A Ready-Reference Book of Chemical and Physical Data (CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 79th edition, 1998.
7. P. Pyykkö, personal communication, 1998, 204, 2008, 2010.

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