โ–ธโ–ธ
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Bismuth
  • ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ ้‰
  • ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Bismut
  • ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Bismuth
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Bismut
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ื‘ื™ืกืžื•ืช
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Bismuto
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต ใƒ“ใ‚นใƒžใ‚น
  • ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Bismuto
  • ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ ะ’ะธัะผัƒั‚
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Bismuto
  • ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Vismut

Bismuth: geological information

Elemental bismuth occurs as metallic crystals associated with nickel, cobalt, silver, tin, and uranium sulphide ores. Bismuth is found in the ores bismuthinite (Bi2S3), bismite (α-Bi2O3), and bismutite [(BiO)2CO3] from Peru, Japan, Mexico, Bolivia, England, Norway, Brazil, and Canada. It is more usual to recover it as a by-product from lead and copper smelting plants.

Abundances of bismuth in various environments

In this table of abundances, values are given in units of ppb (parts per billion; 1 billion = 109), both in terms of weight and in terms of numbers of atoms. Values for abundances are difficult to determine with certainty, so all values should be treated with some caution, especially so for the less common elements. Local concentrations of any element can vary from those given here an orders of magnitude or so and values in various literature sources for less common elements do seem to vary considerably.

Abundances for bismuth in a number of different environments. Use the links in the location column for definitions, literature sources, and visual representations in many different styles (one of which is shown below)
Location ppb by weight ppb by atoms
Universe 0.7 0.004
Sun 10 0.07
Meteorite (carbonaceous) 70 5
Crustal rocks 25 2
Sea water 0.02 0.00059
Stream (no data) (no data)
Human (no data) (no data)
Image showing periodicity of the logarithm of the abundance in the earth's crust of the chemical elements as a heat map on a periodic table grid.
Image showing periodicity of the logarithm of the abundance in the earth's crust of the chemical elements as a heat map on a periodic table grid.
Image showing periodicity of the logarithm of the abundance (by atom rather than weight) in the sun of the chemical elements as a heat map on a periodic table grid.
Image showing periodicity of the logarithm of the abundance (by atom rather than weight) in the sun of the chemical elements as a heat map on a periodic table grid.

The chart above shows the log of the abundance (on a parts per billion scale) of the elements by atom number in our sun. Notice the "sawtooth" effect where elements with even atomic numbers tend to be more strongly represented than those with odd atomic numbers. This shows up best using the "Bar chart" option on the chart.

cartogram depicting abundance of elements in the earth's crust
A cartogram depicting the abundance of elements in the earth's crust. Squares for each element are distorted in proportion to the numerical value of the abundance.