Calcium: calcium carbonate

calcium carbonate is known by the following synonyms:

  • calcium carbonate
  • calcium(II) carbonate
  • aragonite
  • chalk
  • limestone

The oxidation number of calcium in calcium carbonate is 2.

  • Formula: CaCO3
  • Hill system formula: C1Ca1O3
  • CAS registry number: [471-34-1]
  • Formula weight: 100.087
  • Class: carbonate
  • Colour: white
  • Appearance: crystalline solid
  • Melting point: 825°C (decomposes to CaO + CO2)
  • Boiling point:
  • Density: 2830 kg m-3

Synthesis

Calcium carbonate is not normally made as it is available as ores. Small samples of pure CaCO3 are made by the reaction of CaCl2 in water with ammonium carbonate/aqueous ammonia.

CaCl2(aq) + (NH4)2CO3(aq) → CaCO3(s) + 2NH4Cl(aq)

Element analysis

Element percentages in calcium carbonate
Element %
C 12.00
Ca 40.04
O 47.96

Isotope pattern for CaCO3

THe chart below shows the calculated isotope pattern for the formula CaCO3 with the most intense ion set to 100%.

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References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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