Calcium: calcium dichloride

calcium dichloride is known by the following synonyms:

  • calcium dichloride
  • calcium(II) chloride
  • calcium chloride

The oxidation number of calcium in calcium dichloride is 2.

  • Formula: CaCl2
  • Hill system formula: Ca1Cl2
  • CAS registry number: [10043-52-4]
  • Formula weight: 110.983
  • Class: chloride
  • Colour: white
  • Appearance: crystalline solid
  • Melting point: 782°C; 775°C
  • Boiling point: >1600°C
  • Density: 2150 kg m-3


Calcium chloride may be made by the neutralization of CaCO3 with HCl

CaCl2(aq) + (NH4)2CO3(aq) → CaCl2(aq)

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of calcium:
  • Prototypical structure:

Crystal structure of calcium dichloride

Element analysis

Element percentages in calcium dichloride
Element %
Ca 36.11
Cl 63.89

Isotope pattern for CaCl2

THe chart below shows the calculated isotope pattern for the formula CaCl2 with the most intense ion set to 100%.


Coming soon...


The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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