Calcium: tricalcium dinitride

tricalcium dinitride is known by the following synonyms:

  • tricalcium dinitride
  • calcium(II) nitride
  • calcium nitride
  • calcium nitride (α form)

The oxidation number of calcium in tricalcium dinitride is 2.

  • Formula: Ca3N2
  • Hill system formula: Ca3N2
  • CAS registry number: [12013-82-0]
  • Formula weight: 148.247
  • Class: nitride
  • Colour: red-brown
  • Appearance: crystalline solid
  • Melting point: 1195°C
  • Boiling point:
  • Density: 2670 kg m-3

Synthesis

Calcium nitride is available from the direct reaction of calcium metal with nitrogen gas.

3Ca(s) + 2N2(g) → Ca3N2(s)

Element analysis

Element percentages in tricalcium dinitride
Element %
Ca 81.10
N 18.90

Isotope pattern for Ca3N2

THe chart below shows the calculated isotope pattern for the formula Ca3N2 with the most intense ion set to 100%.

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References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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