Calcium compounds: calcium sulphide

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The calcium in calcium sulphide formally is in the oxidation state 2.

Crystal structure of calcium sulphide

Calcium sulphide

  • Formula as often written: CaS
  • Hill system formula: Ca1S1
  • CAS registry number: [20548-54-3]
  • Formula weight: 72.144
  • Class: sulphide

Synonyms

  • calcium sulphide
  • calcium(II) sulphide
  • calcium sulfide
  • calcium(II) sulfide

Physical properties

  • Colour: white or very pale yellow
  • Appearance: crystalline solid
  • Melting point: 2400°C; 2525°C
  • Boiling point:
  • Density: 2600 kg m-3

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Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in calcium sulphide
Element %
Ca 55.55
S 44.45

Synthesis

Calcium sulfide can be made through the reaction of calcium metal with elemental sulfur.

8Ca(s) + S8(s) → 8CaS(s)

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of calcium: 6 coordinate: octahedral
  • Prototypical structure: NaCl (rock salt)

Crystal structure of calcium sulphide

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the CaS unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Ca1S1

mass  %
72 100.0 __________________________________________________
73 0.8
74 5.1 ___
75 0.2
76 2.2 _
77 0.0
78 0.1
79 0.0
80 0.2
81 0.0
82 0.0

References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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