Tin compounds: tin dichloride

tin symbol icon

The tin in tin dichloride formally is in the oxidation state 2.

Crystal structure of tin dichloride

Tin dichloride

  • Formula as often written: SnCl2
  • Hill system formula: Cl2Sn1
  • CAS registry number: [7772-99-8]
  • Formula weight: 189.615
  • Class: chloride

Synonyms

  • tin dichloride
  • tin(II) chloride
  • stannous chloride
  • tin chloride

Physical properties

  • Colour: white
  • Appearance: crystalline solid
  • Melting point: 247°C
  • Boiling point: 623°C
  • Density: 3900 kg m-3

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Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in tin dichloride
Element %
Cl 37.39
Sn 62.61

Synthesis

Not available

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of tin:
  • Prototypical structure:

Crystal structure of tin dichloride

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the SnCl2 unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Sn1Cl2

mass  %
182   2.0 _
183 0.0
184 2.6 _
185 0.7
186 30.4 _______________
187 15.9 ________
188 67.8 __________________________________
189 27.3 ______________
190 100.0 __________________________________________________
191 12.7 ______
192 56.4 ____________________________
193 1.8 _
194 24.4 ____________
195 0.0
196 8.4 ____
197 0.0
198 1.2 _

References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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tin atomic number