Tin compounds: tin tetrachloride

tin symbol icon

The tin in tin tetrachloride formally is in the oxidation state 4.

Crystal structure of tin tetrachloride

Tin tetrachloride

  • Formula as often written: SnCl4
  • Hill system formula: Cl4Sn1
  • CAS registry number: [7646-78-8]
  • Formula weight: 260.521
  • Class: chloride

Synonyms

  • tin tetrachloride
  • tin(IV) chloride
  • stannic chloride
  • tin chloride

Physical properties

  • Colour: colourless
  • Appearance: liquid
  • Melting point: -33°C
  • Boiling point: 114°C
  • Density: 2234 kg m-3

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Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in tin tetrachloride
Element %
Cl 54.43
Sn 45.57

Synthesis

Not available

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of tin:
  • Prototypical structure:

Crystal structure of tin tetrachloride

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the SnCl4 unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Sn1Cl4

mass  %
252   1.3 _
253 0.0
254 2.6 _
255 0.5
256 22.0 ___________
257 11.2 ______
258 59.7 ______________________________
259 25.6 _____________
260 100.0 __________________________________________________
261 21.7 ___________
262 86.9 ___________________________________________
263 8.6 ____
264 48.3 ________________________
265 1.7 _
266 20.3 __________
267 0.1
268 6.2 ___
269 0.0
270 1.1 _
271 0.0
272 0.1

References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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tin atomic number