Platinum compounds: platinum tetrachloride pentahydrate

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The platinum in platinum tetrachloride pentahydrate formally is in the oxidation state 4.

Platinum tetrachloride pentahydrate

  • Formula as often written: PtCl4.5H2O
  • Hill system formula: Cl4H10O5Pt1
  • CAS registry number: [15869-63-3]
  • Formula weight: 426.965
  • Class: complex

Synonyms

  • platinum tetrachloride pentahydrate
  • platinum(IV) chloride 5-water
  • platinum chloride 5-water

Physical properties

  • Colour: red
  • Appearance: crystalline solid
  • Melting point: 100°C (dehydrates)
  • Boiling point:
  • Density: 2430 kg m-3

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Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in platinum tetrachloride pentahydrate
Element %
Cl 33.21
H 2.36
O 18.74
Pt 45.69

Synthesis

Not available

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the PtCl4.5H2O unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Pt1Cl4H10O5

mass  %
420   0.0 
421 0.0
422 1.2 _
423 0.0
424 49.7 _________________________
425 49.6 _________________________
426 100.0 __________________________________________________
427 64.1 ________________________________
428 88.8 ____________________________________________
429 31.3 ________________
430 43.5 ______________________
431 6.9 ___
432 12.3 ______
433 0.6
434 1.9 _
435 0.0
436 0.1

References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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