Antimony compounds: antimony triiodide

antimony symbol icon

The antimony in antimony triiodide formally is in the oxidation state 3.

Crystal structure of antimony triiodide

Antimony triiodide

  • Formula as often written: SbI3
  • Hill system formula: I3Sb1
  • CAS registry number: [7790-44-5]
  • Formula weight: 502.473
  • Class: iodide

Synonyms

  • antimony triiodide
  • antimony(III) iodide
  • antimony iodide

Physical properties

  • Colour: red
  • Appearance: crystalline solid
  • Melting point: 170.5°C
  • Boiling point: 401°C
  • Density: 4920 kg m-3

Suppliers

Coming soon...

Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in antimony triiodide
Element %
I 75.77
Sb 24.23

Synthesis

2Sb + 3I2 → 2SbI3

Antimony(III) triiodide forms in the direct reaction between the elements but the reaction is very violent. The reaction is much more controlled when iodine is added to a boiling suspension of antimony powder in benzene. The product antimony(III) triiodide crystallizes directly out of the reaction mixture as red crystals. The yield is about 80%. Antimony (III) triiodide is red and melts at 166°C. Its boiling point is 400°C. It hydrolyses rapidly in water.

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of antimony:
  • Prototypical structure:

Crystal structure of antimony triiodide

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the SbI3 unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Sb1I3

mass  %
502 100.0 __________________________________________________
503 0.0
504 74.3 _____________________________________

References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

WebElements Shop

WebElements now has a WebElements shop at which you can buy periodic table posters, mugs, T-shirts, games, fridge magnets, molecular models, and more.

Periodic Table fridge magnets Periodic Table fridge magnets
Buy our periodic table fridge magnets here

WebElements poster Periodic table t-shirts Periodic table mouse mats Molymod molecular model kits Chemistry educational resources

antimony atomic number