Antimony compounds: antimony pentachloride

antimony symbol icon

The antimony in antimony pentachloride formally is in the oxidation state 5.

Crystal structure of antimony pentachloride

Antimony pentachloride

  • Formula as often written: SbCl5
  • Hill system formula: Cl5Sb1
  • CAS registry number: [7647-18-9]
  • Formula weight: 299.024
  • Class: chloride

Synonyms

  • antimony pentachloride
  • antimony(V) chloride
  • antimony chloride

Physical properties

  • Colour: colourless or yellow
  • Appearance: liquid
  • Melting point: 4°C
  • Boiling point: 140°C
  • Density: 2340 kg m-3

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Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in antimony pentachloride
Element %
Cl 59.28
Sb 40.72

Synthesis

Not available

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of antimony:
  • Prototypical structure:

Crystal structure of antimony pentachloride

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the SbCl5 unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Sb1Cl5

mass  %
296  42.7 _____________________
297 0.0
298 100.0 __________________________________________________
299 0.0
300 94.4 _______________________________________________
301 0.0
302 46.4 _______________________
303 0.0
304 12.6 ______
305 0.0
306 1.8 _
307 0.0
308 0.1

References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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antimony atomic number