Antimony compounds: antimony trichloride

antimony symbol icon

The antimony in antimony trichloride formally is in the oxidation state 3.

Crystal structure of antimony trichloride

Antimony trichloride

  • Formula as often written: SbCl3
  • Hill system formula: Cl3Sb1
  • CAS registry number: [10025-91-9]
  • Formula weight: 228.118
  • Class: chloride


  • antimony trichloride
  • antimony(III) chloride
  • antimony chloride
  • butter of antimony

Physical properties

  • Colour: white
  • Appearance: crystalline solid, deliquescent
  • Melting point: 73.4°C
  • Boiling point: 223°C
  • Density: 3140 kg m-3


Coming soon...

Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in antimony trichloride
Element %
Cl 46.62
Sb 53.38


Not available

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of antimony:
  • Prototypical structure:

Crystal structure of antimony trichloride

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the SbCl3 unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Sb1Cl3

mass  %
226  58.7 _____________________________
227 0.0
228 100.0 __________________________________________________
229 0.0
230 59.9 ______________________________
231 0.0
232 15.3 ________
233 0.0
234 1.4 _


The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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antimony atomic number