water is known by the following synonyms:
- hydrogen(I) oxide
- dihydrogen monoxide
- dihydrogen oxide
The oxidation number of hydrogen in water is 1.
- Formula: H2O
- Hill system formula: H2O1
- CAS registry number: [7732-18-5]
- Formula weight: 18.015
- Class: oxide
- Colour: colourless
- Appearance: liquid
- Melting point: 0.00°C
- Boiling point: 100.00°C
- Density: 1000 kg m-3 at 4°C; 997 kg m-3 at 25°C
Solid state structure
- Geometry of hydrogen: 1 coordinate: terminus
- Prototypical structure:
Isotope pattern for H2O
THe chart below shows the calculated isotope pattern for the formula H2O with the most intense ion set to 100%.
The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.
- R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
- N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
- F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
- A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
- R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
- A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
- A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
- J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
- D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
- J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
- J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.