Gold compounds: gold pentafluoride
The gold in gold pentafluoride formally is in the oxidation state 5.
- Formula as often written: AuF5
- Hill system formula: Au1F5
- CAS registry number: [57542-85-5]
- Formula weight: 291.959
- Class: fluoride
- gold pentafluoride
- gold(V) fluoride
- digold decafluoride
- gold fluoride
- Colour: red
- Appearance: solid
- Melting point: 60°C (decomposes)
- Boiling point:
Element percentages for the elements in gold pentafluoride
2Au(s) + 2O2(g) + 6F2(g) (370°C, 8 atmosphere) → 2O2AuF6 (sublime, 180°C) → 2AuF5(s) + 2O2(g) + F2(g)
What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the AuF5 unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.
292 100.0 __________________________________________________
The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.
- R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
- N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
- F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
- A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
- R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
- A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
- A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
- J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
- D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
- J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
- J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.