Gold compounds: gold trifluoride

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The gold in gold trifluoride formally is in the oxidation state 3.

Crystal structure of gold trifluoride

Gold trifluoride

  • Formula as often written: AuF3
  • Hill system formula: Au1F3
  • CAS registry number: [14720-21-9]
  • Formula weight: 253.962
  • Class: fluoride


  • gold trifluoride
  • gold(III) fluoride
  • auric fluoride
  • gold fluoride

Physical properties

  • Colour: orange yellow
  • Appearance: crystalline solid
  • Melting point: >300°C
  • Boiling point:
  • Density: 6750 kg m-3


Coming soon...

Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in gold trifluoride
Element %
Au 77.56
F 22.44


Gold (III) fluoride is available through the direct interestion between the elements in a monel metal container (to counter reactivity of fluorine gas)

2Au + 3F2 → AuF3

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of gold: 4 coordinate: square planar
  • Prototypical structure:

Crystal structure of gold trifluoride

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the AuF3 unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Au1F3

mass  %
254 100.0 __________________________________________________


The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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