Copper compounds: copper dichloride

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The copper in copper dichloride formally is in the oxidation state 2.

Crystal structure of copper dichloride

Copper dichloride

  • Formula as often written: CuCl2
  • Hill system formula: Cl2Cu1
  • CAS registry number: [7447-39-4]
  • Formula weight: 134.451
  • Class: chloride

Synonyms

  • copper dichloride
  • copper(II) chloride
  • copper chloride
  • cupric chloride

Physical properties

  • Colour: yellow-brown
  • Appearance: crystalline solid
  • Melting point: 630°C (extrapolated; decomposes above 300°C to CuCl + Cl2.)
  • Boiling point:
  • Density: 3400 kg m-3

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Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in copper dichloride
Element %
Cl 52.74
Cu 47.26

Synthesis

Not available

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of copper: 4 coordinate: square planar
  • Prototypical structure:

Crystal structure of copper dichloride

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the CuCl2 unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Cu1Cl2

mass  %
133  92.1 ______________________________________________
134 0.0
135 100.0 __________________________________________________
136 0.0
137 35.7 __________________
138 0.0
139 4.2 __

References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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copper atomic number