Copper compounds: copper dichloride dihydrate

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The copper in copper dichloride dihydrate formally is in the oxidation state 2.

Crystal structure of copper dichloride dihydrate

Copper dichloride dihydrate

  • Formula as often written: CuCl2.2H2O
  • Hill system formula: Cl2Cu1H4O2
  • CAS registry number: [10125-13-0]
  • Formula weight: 170.482
  • Class: chloride

Synonyms

  • copper dichloride dihydrate
  • copper(II) chloride 2-water
  • copper chloride 2-water
  • cupric chloride

Physical properties

  • Colour: green-blue
  • Appearance: crystalline solid
  • Melting point: 70°C (dehydrates)
  • Boiling point:
  • Density: 2510 kg m-3

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Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in copper dichloride dihydrate
Element %
Cl 41.59
Cu 37.27
H 2.36
O 18.77

Synthesis

Not available

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of copper:
  • Prototypical structure:

Crystal structure of copper dichloride dihydrate

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the CuCl2.2H2O unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Cu1Cl2H4O2

mass  %
169  91.8 ______________________________________________
170 0.1
171 100.0 __________________________________________________
172 0.1
173 36.0 __________________
174 0.0
175 4.3 __
176 0.0
177 0.0

References

The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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