Barium compounds: barium peroxide

barium symbol icon

The barium in barium peroxide formally is in the oxidation state 2.

Barium peroxide

  • Formula as often written: BaO2
  • Hill system formula: Ba1O2
  • CAS registry number: [1304-29-6]
  • Formula weight: 169.326
  • Class: oxide


  • barium peroxide
  • barium(II) peroxide

Physical properties

  • Colour: grey-white
  • Appearance: crystalline solid
  • Melting point: 450°C (decomposes to BaO + O2)
  • Boiling point:
  • Density: 4960 kg m-3


Coming soon...

Element analysis

Element percentages for the elements in barium peroxide
Element %
Ba 81.10
O 18.90


Barium peroxide can be made by the reaction of oxygen or air with barium oxide.

2BaO + O2 → 2BaO2(s)

Isotope pattern

What follows is the calculated isotope pattern for the BaO2 unit with the most intense ion set to 100%.

Formula: Ba1O2

mass  %
162   0.2 
163 0.0
164 0.1
165 0.0
166 3.4 __
167 9.2 _____
168 11.0 ______
169 15.7 ________
170 100.0 __________________________________________________
171 0.1
172 0.4


The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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barium atomic number