โ–ธโ–ธ
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Rhenium
  • ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ ้Œธ
  • ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Rhenium
  • ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Rhénium
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Rhenium
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ืจื ื™ื•ื
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Renio
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต ใƒฌใƒ‹ใ‚ฆใƒ 
  • ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Rênio
  • ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ ะ ะตะฝะธะน
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Renio
  • ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Rhenium

Rhenium: isotope data

Both Rhenium isotopes are used for medical purposes. Re-185 is used for the production of Re-186 which is used for bone pain palliation. Re-187 can be used for the production of Re-188 which is used for cancer therapy and restenosis, though most Re-188 is produced via W-186.

Naturally occurring isotopes

This table shows information about naturally occuring isotopes, their atomic masses, their natural abundances, their nuclear spins, and their magnetic moments. Further data for radioisotopes (radioactive isotopes) of rhenium are listed (including any which occur naturally) below.
Isotope Mass / Da Natural abundance (atom %) Nuclear spin (I) Magnetic moment (μ/μN)
185Re 184.952951 (3) 37.40 (2) 5/2 3.1871
187Re 186.955744 (3) 62.60 (2) 5/2 3.2197
Isotope abundances of rhenium
Isotope abundances of rhenium. In the above, the most intense ion is set to 100% since this corresponds best to the output from a mass spectrometer. This is not to be confused with the relative percentage isotope abundances which totals 100% for all the naturally occurring isotopes.

Radiosotope data

Further data for naturally occuring isotopes of rhenium are listed above. This table gives information about some radiosotopes of rhenium, their masses, their half-lives, their modes of decay, their nuclear spins, and their nuclear magnetic moments.
Isotope Mass / Da Half-life Mode of decay Nuclear spin Nuclear magnetic moment
182Re 181.9512 2.67 d EC to 182W 7 2.8
183Re 182.95082 70 d EC to 183W 5/2 3.17
184Re 183.95252 38 d EC to 184W 3 2.53
186Re 185.954986 3.78 d EC to 186W; β- to 186Os 1 1.739
188Re 187.958112 16.94 h β- to 188Os 1 1.788
189Re 188.959228 24 h β- to 189Os 5/2

References

  1. Naturally occurring isotope abundances: Commission on Atomic Weights and Isotopic Abundances report for the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry in Isotopic Compositions of the Elements 1989, Pure and Applied Chemistry, 1998, 70, 217. [Copyright 1998 IUPAC]
  2. For further information about radioisotopes see Jonghwa Chang's (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) Table of the Nuclides
  3. Masses, nuclear spins, and magnetic moments: I. Mills, T. Cvitas, K. Homann, N. Kallay, and K. Kuchitsu in Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, UK, 1988. [Copyright 1988 IUPAC]

NMR Properties of rhenium

Common reference compound: KReO4/D2O.

Table of NMR-active nucleus propeties of rhenium
  Isotope 1 Isotope 2 Isotope 3
Isotope 185Re 187Re
Natural abundance /% 37.40 62.60
Spin (I) 5/2 5/2
Frequency relative to 1H = 100 (MHz) 22.524600 22.751600
Receptivity, DP, relative to 1H = 1.00 0.0519 0.0895
Receptivity, DC, relative to 13C = 1.00 296 512
Magnetogyric ratio, γ (107 rad T‑1 s-1) 6.1057 6.1682
Magnetic moment, μ (μN) 3.7710 3.8096
Nuclear quadrupole moment, Q/millibarn 2180(20) 2070(20)
Line width factor, 1056 l (m4) 1.5 1.4

References

  1. R.K. Harris in Encyclopedia of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, D.M. Granty and R.K. Harris, (eds.), vol. 5, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK, 1996. I am grateful to Professor Robin Harris (University of Durham, UK) who provided much of the NMR data, which are copyright 1996 IUPAC, adapted from his contribution contained within this reference.
  2. J. Mason in Multinuclear NMR, Plenum Press, New York, USA, 1987. Where given, data for certain radioactive nuclei are from this reference.
  3. P. Pyykkö, Mol. Phys., 2008, 106, 1965-1974.
  4. P. Pyykkö, Mol. Phys., 2001, 99, 1617-1629.
  5. P. Pyykkö, Z. Naturforsch., 1992, 47a, 189. I am grateful to Professor Pekka Pyykkö (University of Helsinki, Finland) who provided the nuclear quadrupole moment data in this and the following two references.
  6. D.R. Lide, (ed.), CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 1999-2000 : A Ready-Reference Book of Chemical and Physical Data (CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 79th edition, 1998.
  7. P. Pyykkö, personal communication, 1998, 204, 2008, 2010.