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Ionization energy: 1st

The 1st ionization energy of the element M is a measure of the energy required to remove one electron from one mole of the gaseous atoms M

image showing Ionization energy: 1st: period 5sp periodicity for 5s and 5p chemical elements

Units

kJ mol-1

Notes

None

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Literature sources

  1. J.E. Huheey, E.A. Keiter, and R.L. Keiter in Inorganic Chemistry: Principles of Structure and Reactivity, 4th edition, HarperCollins, New York, USA, 1993.
  2. D.R. Lide, (Ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 79th edition, 1998.
  3. J.A. Dean (ed) in Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, McGraw-Hill, New York, USA, 14th edition, 1992.