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Ionization energies

The ionization energy is a measure of the energy required to remove one electron from one mole of gaseous atoms or ions. For instance, The 1st ionization energy of the element M is a measure of the energy required to remove one electron from one mole of the gaseous ion M while the 2nd ionization energy of the element M is a measure of the energy required to remove one electron from one mole of the gaseous ion M+. The units are kJ mol+1.

Units

kJ mol-1

Notes

None

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Literature sources

  1. J.E. Huheey, E.A. Keiter, and R.L. Keiter in Inorganic Chemistry: Principles of Structure and Reactivity, 4th edition, HarperCollins, New York, USA, 1993.
  2. D.R. Lide, (Ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 79th edition, 1998.
  3. J.A. Dean (ed) in Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, McGraw-Hill, New York, USA, 14th edition, 1992.