โ–ธโ–ธ
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Darmstadtium
  • ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ ้ฝ
  • ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Darmstadtium
  • ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Darmstadtium
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Darmstadtium
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ื“ืจืžืฉื˜ื˜ื™ื•ื
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Darmstadtio
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต ใƒ€ใƒผใƒ ใ‚นใ‚ฟใƒใ‚ฆใƒ 
  • ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Darmstadtio
  • ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ ะ”ะฐั€ะผัˆั‚ะฐะดั‚ะธะน
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Darmstadtio
  • ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Darmstadtium

Darmstadtium: properties of free atoms

Darmstadtium atoms have 110 electrons and the shell structure is  2.8.18.32.32.17.1.

The ground state electron configuration of ground state gaseous neutral darmstadtium is  [Rn].5f14.6d9.7s1 (a guess based upon that of platinum) and the term symbol is  3D3 (a guess based upon guessed electronic structure).

Kossel shell structure of darmstadtium
Schematic electronic configuration of darmstadtium.
Kossel shell structure of darmstadtium
The Kossel shell structure of darmstadtium.

Atomic spectrum

 

A representation of the atomic spectrum of darmstadtium.

Ionisation Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity of darmstadtium is (no data) kJ mol‑1. The ionisation energies of darmstadtium are given below.

Ionisation energies of darmstadtium
Ionisation energy number Enthalpy / kJ mol‑1
1st955
Ionisation energies of darmstadtium
Ionisation energies of darmstadtium.

Effective Nuclear Charges

The following are "Clementi-Raimondi" effective nuclear charges, Zeff. Follow the hyperlinks for more details and for graphs in various formats.

Effective nuclear charges for darmstadtium
1s(no data)  
2s(no data) 2p(no data)  
3s(no data) 3p(no data) 3d(no data)  
4s(no data) 4p(no data) 4d(no data) 4f(no data)
5s(no data) 5p(no data) 5d(no data)  
6s(no data) 6p(no data)  
7s   

References

These effective nuclear charges, Zeff, are adapted from the following references:

  1. E. Clementi and D.L.Raimondi, J. Chem. Phys. 1963, 38, 2686.
  2. E. Clementi, D.L.Raimondi, and W.P. Reinhardt, J. Chem. Phys. 1967, 47, 1300.

Electron binding energies

Electron binding energies for darmstadtium. All values of electron binding energies are given in eV. The binding energies are quoted relative to the vacuum level for rare gases and H2, N2, O2, F2, and Cl2 molecules; relative to the Fermi level for metals; and relative to the top of the valence band for semiconductors.
Label Orbital eV [literature reference]

Notes

I am grateful to Gwyn Williams (Jefferson Laboratory, Virginia, USA) who provided the electron binding energy data. The data are adapted from references 1-3. They are tabulated elsewhere on the WWW (reference 4) and in paper form (reference 5).

References

  1. J. A. Bearden and A. F. Burr, "Reevaluation of X-Ray Atomic Energy Levels," Rev. Mod. Phys., 1967, 39, 125.
  2. M. Cardona and L. Ley, Eds., Photoemission in Solids I: General Principles (Springer-Verlag, Berlin) with additional corrections, 1978.
  3. Gwyn Williams WWW table of values
  4. D.R. Lide, (Ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 81st edition, 2000.
  5. J. C. Fuggle and N. Mårtensson, "Core-Level Binding Energies in Metals," J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1980, 21, 275.