Titanium: lattice energies

All values of lattice energies are quoted in kJ mol-1.


  • TiF2:
    thermochemical cycle: (no value) kJ mol-1
    calculated: 2724 kJ mol-1
  • TiF3:
    thermochemical cycle: (no value) kJ mol-1
    calculated: 5644 kJ mol-1
  • TiF4:
    thermochemical cycle: 9908 kJ mol-1
    calculated: 10012 kJ mol-1


  • TiCl2:
    thermochemical cycle: 2501 kJ mol-1
    calculated: 2431 kJ mol-1
  • TiCl3:
    thermochemical cycle: 5134 kJ mol-1
    calculated: 5134 kJ mol-1
  • TiCl4:
    thermochemical cycle: (no value) kJ mol-1
    calculated: 9431 kJ mol-1


  • TiBr2:
    thermochemical cycle: 2419 kJ mol-1
    calculated: 2360 kJ mol-1
  • TiBr3:
    thermochemical cycle: 5007 kJ mol-1
    calculated: 5012 kJ mol-1
  • TiBr4:
    thermochemical cycle: 9039 kJ mol-1
    calculated: 9288 kJ mol-1


  • TiI2:
    thermochemical cycle: 2329 kJ mol-1
    calculated: 2259 kJ mol-1
  • TiI3:
    thermochemical cycle: (no value) kJ mol-1
    calculated: 4845 kJ mol-1
  • TiI4:
    thermochemical cycle: 8893 kJ mol-1
    calculated: 9108 kJ mol-1


  • TiH:
    thermochemical cycle: 1407 kJ mol-1
    calculated: 996 kJ mol-1
  • TiH2:
    thermochemical cycle: (no value) kJ mol-1
    calculated: 2866 kJ mol-1
  • TiH3:
    thermochemical cycle: 2845 kJ mol-1
    calculated: (no value) kJ mol-1


  • TiO:
    thermochemical cycle: 3811 kJ mol-1
    calculated: 3832 kJ mol-1
  • Ti2O3:
    thermochemical cycle: 14149 kJ mol-1
    calculated: 14702 kJ mol-1
  • TiO2:
    thermochemical cycle: (no value) kJ mol-1
    calculated: 12150 kJ mol-1


  1. H.D.B. Jenkins - personal communication. I am grateful to Dr Don Jenkins (University of Warwick, UK) who provided the lattice energy data, which are adapted from his contribution contained within reference 2.
  2. H.D.B. Jenkins in CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 1999-2000 : A Ready-Reference Book of Chemical and Physical Data (CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, D.R. Lide, (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 79th edition, 1998.

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titanium atomic number