Tin: bond enthalpies in gaseous diatomic species

The bond energy in the gaseous diatomic species SnSn is 187.1 ±0.3 kJ mol-1.

The following values refer to neutral heterodiatomic molecules in the gas phase. These numbers may well differ considerably from, say, single bond energies in a solid. All values are given in kJ mol-1.

Table of diatomic SnX bond enthalpies. All values are quoted in kJ mol-1. Each formula in the table (SnO, SnF, and so on) is a link - select these to see visual periodicity representations for bond enthalpies involving tin to elements of your choice.

Period 1

SnH             SnHe
264 ±17              

Period 2

SnLi SnBe SnB SnC SnN SnO SnF SnNe
          531.8 ±12.6 466.5 ±13  

Period 3

SnNa SnMg SnAl SnSi SnP SnS SnCl SnAr
          464 ±3.3 414 ±17  

Period 4

SnK SnCa SnGa SnGe SnAs SnSe SnBr SnKr
          401.2 ±5.9 >= 552  

Period 5

SnRb SnSr SnIn SnSn SnSb SnTe SnI SnXe
      187.1 ±0.3   359.8 234 ±42  

Period 6

SnCs SnBa SnTl SnPb SnBi SnPo SnAt SnRn
        210.0 ±8.4      

Period 7

SnFr SnRa            


I am grateful to Professor J.A. Kerr (University of Birmingham, UK) for the provision of the bond strengths of diatomic molecules data.

The values given here are at 298 K. All values are quoted in kJ mol-1. Generally, these data were obtained by spectroscopic or mass spectrometric means. You should consult reference 1 for further details. A note of caution: the strength of, say, the C-H bond in the gaseous diatomic species CH (not an isolable species) is not necessarily, the same as the strength of a C-H bond in, say, methane.

The strongest bond for a diatomic species is that of carbon monoxide, CO (1076.5 ± 0.4 kJ mol-1). The strongest bond for a homonuclear diatomic species is that of dinitrogen, N2 (945.33 ± 0.59 kJ mol-1).


  1. J.A. Kerr in CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 1999-2000 : A Ready-Reference Book of Chemical and Physical Data (CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, D.R. Lide, (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 81st edition, 2000.

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tin atomic number