Sulfur: enthalpies and thermodynamic properties


Thermodynamic data

Table: thermodynamic data for sulfur.
State Δf Δf CpH 298.15-H°0
Units kJ mol-1 kJ mol-1 J K-1 mol-1 J K-1 mol-1 kJ mol-1
Solid (rhombic) *0 0 *32.054 ± 0.050 22.6 *4.412 ± 0.006
Solid (monoclinic) 0.3
Gas *277.17 ± 0.15 238.28 *167.829 ± 0.006 23.67 *6.657 ± 0.001
Gas (S2) *128.60 ± 0.30 79.3 *228.167 ± 0.010 32.5 *9.132 ± 0.002
Gas (S8) 102.3 49.7 430.9 156.4 31.51


This tables gives a few thermodynamic data. Most values are those given in the NBS technical notes (reference 1) after conversion from the units used within those notes. Values labelled with an asterisk (*) are Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA) agreed values for the thermodynamic properties of key chemical substances (reference 2). These values are published in a number of places including the WWW (reference 3).


  1. R.H. Schumm, D.D. Wagman, S. Bailey, W.H. Evans, and V.B. Parker in National Bureau of Standards (USA) Technical Notes 270-1 to 270-8, 1973.
  3. J.D. Cox, DD., Wagman, and V.A. Medvedev, CODATA Key Values for Thermodynamics, Hemisphere Publishing Corp., New York, USA, 1989.

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sulfur atomic number