by S. Hofmann, V. Ninov, F. P. Hessberger, P. Armbruster, H. Folger, G. Münzenberg, and others at 1994 in Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (GSI) in Darmstadt, Germany.. Origin of name
: the proposed name roentgenium has yet ot be accepted formally, but lies within the long established tradition of naming elements to honour famous scientists. Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen discovered X-rays in 1895.
Element 111, roentgenium, was discovered towards the end of 1994 at the GSI in Darmstadt, Germany. Three atoms of an isotope 272Uuu were produced in reactions between 209Bi targets and 64Ni projectiles. To achieve this, the nickel atoms were accelerated to high energies by the heavy ion accelerator UNILAC at GSI and directed onto a lead target.